Australia's system of government
The role of our government
There are three levels of government in Australia. Each level has different responsibilities and provides different services.
The Federal (or Commonwealth) government is Australia's national government. It implements laws made by the Commonwealth Parliament. These include trade and commerce, quarantine, currency, patents, marriage, immigration, defence, telecommunications, and the provision of welfare and other assistance payments such as Medicare, Centrelink, and Job Network.
Australia’s states (New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania) and territories (Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory) are responsible for policing, public schools, roads and traffic, public hospitals, public housing, and business regulation.