Biological diversity, or biodiversity, is the variety of all species on earth. It is the different plants, animals and microorganisms that exist.
As Sydney grows, we need to remember our small neighbours too. Most of the animals in the local area are indigenous or introduced species that are used to the hustle and bustle of urban environments. A lot of the plant life has also been introduced and very few natural areas remain today.
Luckily for us, some habitat still remains for less common plants and animals.
Patches of coastal saltmarsh, an endangered ‘ecological community’, occur within our villages and 4 threatened animal species live locally: the green and golden bell frog, powerful owl, eastern bent-wing bat and grey-headed flying fox. Sightings of the long-nosed bandicoot have also been recorded in the local area. This is an animal that has disappeared from most parts of inner-city Sydney.
Parks, gardens and wetlands throughout our villages provide a home for lots of other species, including the eastern blue-tongue lizard, superb fairy-wren, royal spoonbill, buff-banded rail, eastern water dragon, New Holland honeyeater, peregrine falcon, dwarf eastern tree frog, silvereye and tawny frogmouth.
Draft Urban Ecology Strategic Action Plan
We love local species in our city. We are pretty chuffed that interesting species live in our villages and we think we could provide a pretty nice home to lots more indigenous animals with a bit of clever thinking.
With this in mind, the City of Sydney commissioned the Urban Ecology Strategic Action Plan as one of many initiatives aimed at achieving the Sustainable Sydney 2030 vision of a green, global and connected city.
The focus of the plan is the biodiversity of the local area.
Although biodiversity has been greatly reduced from its original state within the local area, some significant vegetation and many fauna species remain.
There is a huge opportunity to conserve and enhance these existing biodiversity values in the city.
The Draft Urban Ecology Strategic Action Plan was on public exhibition until 20 September 2013.
The City has already begun doing its part to promote biodiversity in the local area. Here are just some of our initiatives.
Blackwattle Bay Park habitat enhancement
We have planted hundreds of shrubs, grasses and groundcovers in the foreshore park to improve the diversity of locally indigenous plants and create dense understorey habitat to encourage small birds. We have also installed a number of rock features to encourage lizards and invertebrates.
Johnstons Creek Canal habitat creation
With the help of hundreds of volunteers on National Tree Day 2012, an area along a concrete-lined stormwater channel has been transformed by thousands of locally indigenous shrub, grass and groundcover plantings, which will contribute to the creation of a green corridor connecting the Glebe foreshore to Orphan School Creek in Forest Lodge.
Sydney Park stormwater harvesting
Thousands of locally indigenous reeds, sedges, grasses and shrubs have been incorporated into a piece of land designed to absorb nutrients from stormwater at Sydney Park wetlands, improving the habitat for a range of species.
Native bees for community gardens
Hives of a native stingless bee have been installed in 6 of the city’s community gardens, where they assist to pollinate fruit and vegetables as well as native species elsewhere, and produce small amounts of delicious honey.
Birds of Sydney Parks and Gardens
The City assisted BirdingNSW to produce a brochure guide to the birds found in parks and gardens around Sydney, in partnership with Birdlife Australia, the Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust and the Centennial and Moore Park Trust. The brochure is available at all Neighbourhood Service Centres.
Last updated: Tuesday, 18 February 2014