Green Square and City South

The workforce in Green Square and City South remains dominated by blue-collar industries such as transport and logistics and manufacturing.

Consequently, average worker incomes in the village tend towards the low to medium range.

While many workers also live in the City of Sydney, a significant proportion also come from council areas to the south and west of the village, and are highly dependent on private cars to get to work.

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Employment by industry

Table 9 shows the breakdown of employment in Green Square and City South by city-based industry sector.

It shows that transport and logistics is the largest employer in the village, accounting for 21.9% of the total workforce.

Other significant sectors for employment include manufacturing (12.9%) and ICT (10.3%).

All of these sectors, which tend to be associated with industrial land uses, experienced declines in their share of total employment between 2007 and 2012.

Transport and logistics went from 24.7% to 21.9%, manufacturing from 14.3% to 12.9%, and ICT from 13.8% to 10.3%.

Their place has been taken industries such as retail and personal services (7.7% to 9.9%) and professional and business services (5.0% to 7.8%).

Again this highlights the rebalancing of this area from one that was predominantly focused on light industry to one that has more of a balanced workforce.

Table 9 – Employment by City-Based Industry Sector, 2012

Sector Employment % of Total Employment
Community 241 0.9%
Creative Industries 2,715 9.7%
Finance and Financial Services 291 1.0%
Food and Drink 1,377 4.9%
Government 548 2.0%
Health 713 2.6%
Higher Education and Research 339 1.2%
ICT 2,887 10.3%
Life Science (Bio-tech) 445 1.6%
Manufacturing 3,606 12.9%
Motor Vehicle 1,825 6.5%
Natural Resource-Based Industries 0 0.0%
Other 25 0.1%
Professional and Business Services 2,173 7.8%
Property Development and Operation 841 3.0%
Retail and Personal Services 2,779 9.9%
Social Capital 518 1.9%
Tourist, Cultural and Leisure 337 1.2%
Transport and Logistics 6,113 21.9%
Utilities 176 0.6%
Total 27,949 100.0%

Source: Floor Space and Employment Survey, 2012 – City of Sydney

Income of workers

Journey to Work data produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics can be analysed to show the weekly personal incomes of those who work in Green Square and City South and this is presented in Chart 5.

This shows that annual worker incomes are concentrated firmly in the middle band, particularly in the range of $31,200 to $64,999. This fits the blue-collar profile of the village workforce.

Chart 5 – Workers' Personal Income (Annual)

Chart 5 – Workers' Personal Income (Annual)

Workers’ place of residence

Using ABS Journey to Work data we are able to determine the council area of residence for people who work in Green Square and City South, as shown in Chart 6. This chart shows that the largest proportion of workers (13%) lived in the City of Sydney, and a further 8% come from neighbouring Randwick. However, this village differs significantly from others in the City of Sydney in that a significant number of workers come from council areas to the south and west, including Sutherland Shire (7%), Rockdale (5%), Canterbury (5%) and Botany Bay (5%). This is reflective both of the workforce profile, which is still focussed more towards blue-collar jobs, and also the proximity of these council areas to the village.

Chart 6 – Workers’ LGA of Residence (Top 10), 2011

Chart 6 – Workers’ LGA of Residence (Top 10), 2011

Workers’ mode of transport

Chart 7 shows the method of travel that workers in Green Square and City South employ to get to work. From this chart it is evident that workers in this particular village are much more reliant on cars to get to work than other workers in the City of Sydney, and car use even exceeds the Metro Sydney average. This can be attributed to several factors. Firstly, the abundance of free or cheap parking that is available in the village. Secondly, the relatively low level of public transport service in the village compared to other villages. And finally, the fact that workers may also have poor public transport connections in the area where they live. This highlights the fact that, for many businesses considering locating in Green Square and City South, adequate parking provision for employees may be a more important consideration than in other villages.

Chart 7 – Workers' Mode of Transport

Chart 7 – Workers' Mode of Transport

Location of workers

Figure 10 shows the density of workers by individual block throughout the village, based on the FES 2012 data. The map shows that worker density is fairly even throughout the western side of the village, with pockets of high density along Bourke and Epsom roads. There are pockets of significantly lower worker density in the south-eastern corner, and around Joynton Park.

Figure 10 – Employment Density

Figure 10 – Employment Density

What does this mean for my business?

As with local residents, local workers can be a key source of revenue for many businesses. At this stage average worker incomes in the village are low to moderate, reflecting the area’s mainly blue-collar employment profile. The demand for services from this segment is therefore likely to be fairly different to that generated by higher-income residents. Understanding the difference between these 2 markets, and their relative locations within the village, will therefore be an important consideration for local businesses.

From an employer’s perspective, the changing character of the village is also an important factor to consider. The increasingly residential nature of the village and the attendant services are likely to make this a more attractive area for white-collar workers in the future. 


This information has been compiled from various sources. The publisher and contributors accept no responsibility for any injury, loss or damage arising from the use, error or omissions therein. While all care is taken to ensure a high degree of accuracy, users are invited to notify the City of Sydney of any discrepancies. No part of this information, including maps or data, may be reproduced without written permission.

Last updated: Tuesday, 16 June 2015